Reliability of VCSEL Lead-Free Interconnects

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Reliability of VCSEL Lead-Free Interconnects
10313001010608Reliability of VCSEL Lead-Free Interconnects
<emphasis role="bold">Introduction</emphasis> Most of the optical fiber communication systems nowadays use intensity modulation (IM) and direct detection (DD). The basic IM-DD system consists of a light source, a fiber, and an optical receiver. In general, the electrical signal is converted into the optical signal through the light source and the optical signal is transmitted through the optical fiber or polymer w…
John H. Lau: Reliability of RoHS-Compliant 2D and 3D IC Interconnects. Reliability of VCSEL Lead-Free Interconnects, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011), AccessEngineering Export