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<emphasis role="bold">HIGH-RATE CLARIFICATION</emphasis>
<emphasis role="bold">HIGH-RATE CLARIFICATION</emphasis>High-rate clarification combines techniques of chemically enhanced particle settling and solids contact/recirculation with lamella plate and tube settlers to achieve rapid settling. Very high settling velocities combined with rapid flocculation kinetics can reduce required process footprints to less than 10% of conventional primary treatment (Jolis and Ahmad, 2001). Although high-rate clarification has been used in Europe for some time, its use in the United States is more recent. Wet-weather treatment strategies have been implemented at many facilities because of evolving regulations that require reductions in CSOs and SSOs and some d…
Water Environment Federation: Design of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants: WEF Manual of Practice No. 8 ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 76, Fifth Edition. HIGH-RATE CLARIFICATION, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2010), AccessEngineering Export