Shallow Foundations

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Shallow Foundations
1010402Shallow Foundations
Shallow Foundations Shallow foundations are founded close to the ground surface, generally where the founding depth (Df) is less than the width of the footing and less than 10 ft. As a rule of thumb, if surface loading or other surface conditions significantly affect the bearing capacity of a foundation it is considered "shallow." Shallow foundations ("spread footings") include pads ("isolated footings"), strip footings, and rafts. Shallow foundations are used when the soil near the surface is sufficiently strong to support the imposed loads. Usually, they are unsuitable in weak or highly co…
Indranil Goswami: Civil Engineering All-In-One PE Exam Guide: Breadth and Depth, Second Edition. Shallow Foundations, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2012), AccessEngineering Export