INTEGRATED CIRCUITS


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INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
INTEGRATED CIRCUITSAn integrated circuit ( IC) is simply an assembly of diodes, transistors, and/or other circuit elements combined into an extremely small package. Since a computer "thinks" by moving electrons through a variety of circuits, it is important to keep circuits as close together as possible to reduce the electron travel time. The greater the number of circuits contained in a small area, the faster the computer. In order to produce an extremely small circuit, most manufacturers use a process called photolithography. This process has been used to produce ICs capable of handling thousands of bits (1 s and 0 s). Recall that a bit is equal to one piece of digital information.
Citation
Thomas K. Eismin: Aircraft Electricity and Electronics, Sixth Edition. INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, Chapter (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2014), AccessEngineering Export